Developing countries exploring pathways to climate compatibility

Tag: Papers

Reflections and learnings from co-impact assessment under the MAPS Programme

In this paper the authors reflect on the challenges encountered by the MAPS country teams and the value of the assessments conducted. On the basis of these reflections, the beginnings of a framework for future work is presented, which is intended to serve as a starting point for practitioners undertaking such assessments in the future. […]

Development and Mitigation Policy, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Dec 7, 2015  //  download PDF

Complex dynamic systems thinking and domestic climate mitigation policy in developing countries: Part 2 – Moving towards an alternative framing

Following an initial Part 1 that explores complex dynamic systems thinking as a theoretical framework to advance climate mitigation policy in developing countries, this Part 2 expands on what a complexity perspective might practically mean for the climate and development policy work. It focuses on principles, priorities and approaches as well as tools. The exploratory […]

Development and Mitigation Policy, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Dec 7, 2015  //  download PDF

Complex dynamic systems thinking and domestic climate mitigation policy in developing countries: Part 1 – Theoretical background

This paper considers whether complex dynamic systems thinking may be able to assist the climate mitigation policy community of practice working in development contexts in making progressing on tackling climate mitigation in developing countries. It builds on the findings from previous work under MAPS reflecting on how a climate mitigation policy community of practice working […]

Development and Mitigation Policy, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Dec 7, 2015  //  download PDF

Novel shapes of South-South collaboration: emerging knowledge networks on co-benefits of climate and development policies

This research adds to the literature in applying well-established concepts of networked knowledge production from the corporate management and innovation literature to one of the world’s most pressing public policy problems: integrating climate change and development. This research focuses on co-benefits knowledge creation, not adoption or transfer.

Development and Mitigation Policy, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Dec 7, 2015  //  download PDF

Incorporating co-impacts into climate mitigation planning: experiences from latin america

Find here the approaches that were used in the different MAPS country processes for assessing co-impacts of GHG mitigation, as well as those used in a linked project in India by CPR and some of the associated key learnings. The paper also include a brief overview of the emerging literature on co-impacts thinking and quantification, […]

Development and Mitigation Policy, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Dec 7, 2015  //  download PDF

This was different: The MAPS Programme and southern climate mitigation practices as ‘southern theory’

The paper asks whether the MAPS Programme can be considered a case of southern planning theorising at work and if it can, then what makes it so. In order to do this, it describes first the key intentions and methodological traits of the Programme that were identified by participants as remarkable, unusual or valuable in […]

MAPS Approach, Country Insights & Results, Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Dec 7, 2015  //  download PDF

Building Institutional Capacities for Climate Change Policy Formulation in Developing Countries: The Case of MAPS Chile

This study analyses the MAPS-Chile project from a processes perspective which emphasises decisions, strategic and methodological actions that articulate the relation and interaction between the various institutions and stakeholders involved. It builds on existing literature and develops a framework for the analysis from the perspective of sociology of science and technology. This paper is part […]

MAPS Approach, Country Insights & Results, Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Dec 7, 2015  //  download PDF

An overview of the analytical results of MAPS

This paper documents the analytical results of the four MAPS processes in Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Peru. It focuses on the information built around emissions reference cases, emission reduction opportunities, potentials and costs and on the socioeconomic impacts of the mitigation actions and scenarios. A general comparative analysis of the results is presented where possible, […]

MAPS Approach, Country Insights & Results, Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Dec 7, 2015  //  download PDF

Implementing climate change mitigation: a journey into the unknown

The paper seeks to provide insights and recommendations on policy-development for practitioners in the field of climate mitigation by deepening our understanding on how implementation works. This paper is based on five case studies on South African implementation related to mitigation, a case study on policy development in Colombia and a reflective study on the LTMS. 

Implementation, Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Dec 3, 2015  //  download PDF

Implementation Case Study- Energy and thermal efficiency in government-subsidised housing in South Africa

This research aims to isolate the factors that lead to implementation (or lack thereof) of interventions that may have an impact on reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries. This case study is part of a series looking to collectively consider research on GHG mitigation action implementation by applying existing theoretical frameworks to examples […]

Implementation, Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Oct 19, 2015  //  download PDF

Implementation of the Cape Town Solar Water Heater (SWH) Policy

This paper explores the processes inside the City of Cape Town involved in failed implementation of the City-billing scheme and the eventual implementation of the Endorsement scheme, in order to illustrate and explore the challenges of implementation components of mitigation policy within the  context of a large metropolitan local government in South Africa. 

Implementation, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Oct 19, 2015  //  download PDF

Implementation of the municipal energy efficiency and demand side management programme in South Africa

This research explores the drivers and experiences of implementation with respect to carbon mitigation policies and programmes. The research focuses on the case of the Energy Efficiency and Demand Side  Management (EEDSM) programme which targets the reduction of electricity consumption in municipalities, which are major consumers of electricity in South Africa. 

Implementation, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Oct 19, 2015  //  download PDF

The Institutionalisation of Climate Policy in India

The Institutionalisation of Climate Policy in India, Designing a Development-Focused, Co-Benefits Based Approach, working paper, seeks to analyse the evolution of India’s climate institutions

News, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Aug 18, 2015  //  download PDF

Reflecting on climate mitigation policy in a development context: how we do what we do?

This paper reflects on who the climate mitigation community of practice are and how they do what they do, particularly when it comes to working in developing countries. It investigates the concept of development itself, exploring if considering ‘development’ as a stand-alone issue raises questions different to those climate mitigation practitioners usually focus on.

Development and Mitigation Policy, Implementation, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Jul 7, 2015  //  download PDF

Understanding the implementation of the REIPPPP in South Africa: Using the 5C Protocol

The research aims to uncover key drivers and barriers that have contributed to or hindered the implementation of interventions with mitigation benefit in developing countries. . This case study examines the implementation of South Africa’s energy programme- the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme (REIPPPP).

Implementation, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Jul 7, 2015  //  download PDF

Unpacking Implementation: The case of the MyCiTi Bus Rapid Transit in Cape Town

This case study of the implementation of the MyCiTi Bus Rapid Transit system is one of a series of studies which seek to identify key drivers and barriers that have contributed to or hindered the implementation in developing countries of past or current interventions which have climate mitigation benefits. The objective of this research is […]

Implementation, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Jul 7, 2015  //  download PDF

What was the contribution of the Long Term Mitigation Scenario process to South African climate mitigation policy?

The LTMS is acknowledged as being the “foundation” of South African climate mitigation policy, both domestically and internationally. However the extent to which climate mitigation implementation has become a reality in the country is questionable. The LTMS also provided the inspiration for the Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Programme which facilitated similar processes being […]

Implementation, MAPS Approach, Country Insights & Results, Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on May 27, 2015  //  download PDF

Negotiating the 2015 Climate Agreement: Issues relating to Legal Form and Nature

This paper first identifies the instruments that will likely form part of the Paris package, and then explores the characteristic features of each of these instruments with a particular focus on their legal status and significance. In doing so, it will address the issue of ‘legal form’ of the core 2015 agreement.

Equity & Climate Negotiations, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on May 21, 2015  //  download PDF

Informing India's Energy and Climate Debate: Policy Lessons from Modelling Studies

What should India put forward as the mitigation component of its climate contribution (or ‘Intended Nationally Determined Contribution’ (INDC))? Since energy accounts for 77% of India’s greenhouse gas emissions, this question can only be answered as one part of a larger discussion about India’s energy future. This study conducts a comparative review of seven recent […]

Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on May 18, 2015  //  download PDF

Linking Sectoral Models: Agroforestry Systems as CER providers: An analysis for the Peruvian amazon region

This paper examines agroforestry systems as certified emissions reductions for the Peruvian Amazon region. It describes the findings of a modeling-based research, which compares the economic value of timber felling practices in agroforestry plots in Peru, with the potential financial benefits of using global carbon trading mechanisms

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 10, 2015  //  download PDF

Brazilian Mitigation Scenarios Beyond 2020: Modelling and Methodologies

The aim of this study was to build capacity in the development of tools for the analysis of the macroeconomic impacts of introducing measures to mitigate emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon tax and cap and trade scheme. The study is based on the integration of bottom-up with top-down models. The associated brief shows […]

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 9, 2015  //  download PDF

Economy-Wide Implications of a Carbon Tax in the Chilean Electricity Generation Sector

This paper aims to analyse the economy-wide implications of a carbon tax applied on the Chilean electricity generation sector as it will act as an economic shock to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth path. In order to get an answer to this, both energy sectoral model and dynamic stochastic generally equilibrium (DSGE) model […]

Outputs, Papers, Research Themes, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 9, 2015  //  download PDF

Modelling the socio economic implications of mitigation in Colombia

Some developing countries are implementing measures to deviate its emissions patterns. This paper uses a methodological approach to assess the socio-economic implications of some of these potential measures, to evaluate the Colombian case. The main finding is that a carbon tax does not affect significantly the macroeconomic indicators and yet reached important abatements, especially if […]

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 9, 2015  //  download PDF

Socio-economic implications of mitigation in the power sector including carbon taxes in South Africa

This research paper investigates the socio-economic implications of mitigation in the power sector including carbon taxes in South Africa. The structure of this paper is as follows. The first section provides a discussion of recent developments within South Africa aimed at increasing the contribution of renewable energy. The second section gives a brief description of […]

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 9, 2015  //  download PDF

Thoughts on the choice of form of an INDC

This working paper intends to support in-country teams involved in building their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) by exploring the different possible forms these contributions could take.

Equity & Climate Negotiations, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Dec 11, 2014  //  download PDF

Information for a developmental approach to mitigation: Linking sectoral and economy-wide models for Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa

This paper reports on modelling approaches that provide information to answer policy-relevant questions in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa. The analysis informs different country contexts; energy-related green house gas (GHG) emissions currently dominate in Chile and South Africa, while those due to agriculture, forestry and land-use (AFOLU) are historically more important in Brazil, […]

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Oct 14, 2014  //  download PDF

European experiences with burden sharing in climate change

This paper aims to provide insights into the lessons learnt from the practical experiences in the European Union (EU),with sharing of climate change commitments relevant for developing countries in light of the international post 2020 negotiations. 

Equity & Climate Negotiations, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Oct 14, 2014  //  download PDF

Governance and Equity in EU Climate Policy

This paper is an analysis of mitigation assessments under the EU Emissions Trading System (2005-2012) and intra-EU equity or solidarity under the EU 2020 climate policy framework

Equity & Climate Negotiations, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Oct 14, 2014  //  download PDF

Legal Implications & Pathways Regulating HFCs under the Montreal Protocol or the Kyoto Protocol

This paper examines whether the Montreal Protocol, with its legal mandate to protect the ozone layer from depletion, should regulate hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) despite them not being ozone-depleting substances.

Equity & Climate Negotiations, Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Sep 29, 2014  //  download PDF

The (Missing) Link: Climate Change Mitigation and Poverty

This paper looks at the gaps between alleviating poverty and climate mitigation. It talks about why, even under conditions of extreme poverty, climate mitigation cannot be ignored. It also looks at why climate adaptation has tended to overshadow climate mitigation in anti-poverty strategies and shows the lack of a direct link between poverty thinking and mitigation action.

Development and Mitigation Policy, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Aug 19, 2014  //  download PDF

Selection of Long-Range Energy Systems Modelling Platforms: The MAPS Chile experience

This paper is part of a series that aims to support stakeholders and research groups in the selection of long-range energy systems modelling platforms, to inform decision making for public policy options compatible with national development goals. This paper builds on the MAPS Chile experience.

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Aug 5, 2014  //  download PDF

Modelling the Socio-Economic Implications of Mitigation Actions: A Case Study Of Industrial Energy Efficiency In South Africa

It is known that there is considerable potential for emissions reduction through the implementation of energy efficiency policies. This paper seeks to address the still limited understanding of the impacts of these policies on economic growth, employment and welfare by assessing the socio-economic implications of increased energy efficiency in South Africa.

Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Jul 22, 2014  //  download PDF

Mitigation in the Agriculture Sector: Process issues (paper)

Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) is a collaboration amongst developing countries to establish the evidence base for long-term transition to robust economies that are both carbon efficient and climate resilient. MAPS country programmes have dedicated research teams focusing specifically on the agriculture sector in order to strengthen data and refine methodological approaches to identify […]

Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Jun 11, 2014  //  download PDF

Climate mitigation finance across developing countries: what are the major determinants?

 This empirical study assesses the relationship between the characteristics of developing countries and the amount of official climate mitigation finance inflow. A two-part model and robustness checks were used to analyse 1998–2010 Rio Marker data on 180 developing countries. The results show that developing countries with higher CO2 intensity, larger carbon sinks, lower per capita gross […]

Development and Mitigation Policy, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Jun 5, 2014  //  Read more...

Energy security in South Africa

This paper establishes broad framework for the analysis of energy security, and presents an analysis of South Africa’s energy security situation, arguing that the country is facing an energy security crisis.

Development and Mitigation Policy, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on May 23, 2014  //  download PDF

Mitigation Potential in the Agriculture Sector: The case of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa

This paper examines the socio-economic importance of the agriculture sector in six emerging economies (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa) and compares their GHG emissions profiles.

MAPS Approach, Country Insights & Results, Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Apr 29, 2014  //  download PDF

Mitigation Actions Country Study: Argentina

This study seeks to understand how mitigation actions are approached and conceptualised in Argentina. It describes how the country defines and identifies mitigation actions. It also maps the general policy context, the institutions that have been focusing on mitigation actions to date, and the initiatives underway in the country to further structure approaches to mitigation […]

MAPS Approach, Country Insights & Results, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 20, 2014  //  download PDF

Review of linked modelling of low-carbon development, mitigation and its full costs and benefits

Modelling is vital for developing low carbon development plans and strategies that are consistent with national circumstances. Models identify the mitigation policy instruments and measures needed ‘to ensure global benefits at the lowest possible costs. Numerous models and modelling approaches available to answer different policy questions; each with their own set of advantages and limitations. Often, a […]

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Nov 7, 2013  //  download PDF

Guidelines for the selection of Long-Range Energy Systems Modelling Platforms to support MAPS processes

Setting achievable GHG mitigation targets requires the systematic analysis of potential mitigation actions to quantify the implication of each action, in terms of its benefits and costs. This is done with the help of models. There are a multitude of modelling platforms and approaches available, each with its strengths and weaknesses, and they can be […]

Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Nov 7, 2013  //  download PDF

Mitigation actions: Understanding the variables that affect policy implementation

Mitigation actions are currently a source of both academic and ‘on-the-ground’ interest, especially as they arise within the UNFCCC context as Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). Committing to action at the international level remains, however, an empty contribution to global mitigation efforts unless it is translated into domestic public policy interventions.

MAPS Approach, Country Insights & Results, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Sep 25, 2013  //  download PDF

Developing country perspectives on ‘mitigation actions’, ‘NAMAs’, and ‘LCDS’

Climate mitigation practitioners in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, India, and South Africa were surveyed for their understanding of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and Low Carbon Development Strategies (LCDS). It is found that there is much scope for clarity and conceptual elaboration in this policy space. NAMAs are largely interpreted as mitigation activities packaged for submission […]

Development and Mitigation Policy, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Aug 27, 2013  //  Read more...

Commonalities and differences in approaches to mitigation actions in five developing countries

In light of the ongoing international discussions about the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action concept, this study takes instead a more ‘bottom-up’ approach through a comparative analysis of five studies of mitigation actions in Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Peru and South Africa. The analysis shows that mitigation actions are driven by both developmental and climate objectives. The […]

MAPS Approach, Country Insights & Results, Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Jul 29, 2013  //  Read more...

Technical support paper: Marginal abatement cost curves

This paper explains different approaches to using Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) curves as a mitigation decision tool. It also demonstrates appropriate interpretation of MAC curves through illustrated examples

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Jun 28, 2013  //  download PDF

India Country Study: Poverty and Low Carbon Development Strategies

India faces many development challenges. It has to lift 340 million people out of poverty, reduce the rural- urban disparities, address energy poverty and solve many other development issues. But India also needs to contribute in solving the climate change problem and take mitigation actions.

MAPS Approach, Country Insights & Results, Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 8, 2013  //  download PDF

Reducing inequality and poverty while mitigating climate change: key challenges for research and practice in middle-income countries in Africa and Latin America

What is the relationship between emissions, inequality and poverty? Growing wealth supposedly correlates with increasing emissions. Rich countries are historically high in per capita emissions, whereas poor countries have low per capita emissions. African and Latin American non-Annex I countries rank high in the statistics of emissions intensity. Where are highly unequal middle-income countries in […]

Development and Mitigation Policy, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Nov 27, 2012  //  download PDF

Poverty and Climate Change Mitigation: A brief inspiration

Poverty and climate change mitigation are two concepts, which trouble policy makers and climate policy analysts, because they perceive them as conflicting public policy objectives. Poverty remains a pressing problem in many middle-income countries, where efforts for mitigating climate change become more urgent. Poverty alleviation often disappears as an explicit priority in the wider concepts […]

Development and Mitigation Policy, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Nov 27, 2012  //  download PDF

Low Carbon Development and Poverty: exploring poverty alleviating mitigation action in developing countries

This paper examines current literature on the linkages between low-carbon development, mitigation and poverty in middle-income countries. Climate change and poverty generally fall into the adaptation category in research literature and policymaking. Acknowledging current findings of poverty research, this separation between mitigation and adaptation does not hold anymore. The majority of the poor now live […]

Development and Mitigation Policy, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 29, 2012  //  download PDF

Trade and Climate Change: policy and economic implications for South Africa

Climate and trade issues lie at the intersection of two of the world’s most contested, delayed and important multilateral negotiations: climate change negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and international trade as regulated by the World Trade Organization (WTO). This paper considers two aspects of overlapping concern to the two […]

Development and Mitigation Policy, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Dec 7, 2011  //  download PDF

Mitigation Actions Country Study: Brazil

This study seeks to understand how mitigation actions (MAs) are approached and conceptualized in Brazil. It describes how the country defines and identifies MAs. It also maps the general policy context, the institutions that have been focusing on MAs to date, and the initiatives underway in the country to further structure approaches to MAs.

MAPS Approach, Country Insights & Results, Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Nov 26, 2011  //  download PDF

Mitigation Actions Country Study: Colombia

The paper seeks to understand how mitigation actions have been conceptualized and could be approached in Colombia. It is divided in two parts. The first part presents the contextual framework in which the NAMAs will be undertaken. The second part contains the bases used to identify NAMA proposals for Colombia.

MAPS Approach, Country Insights & Results, Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Nov 26, 2011  //  download PDF

Mitigation Actions Country Study: South Africa

The country study aims to deepen our understanding of mitigation activity in South Africa, particularly with regard to how the country approaches, describes and defines mitigation actions. It considers three main areas of enquiry from a bottom-up methodological perspective: first, what is a South African Mitigation Action (SAMA)? Second, what are the barriers and challenges […]

MAPS Approach, Country Insights & Results, Outputs, Papers  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Nov 26, 2011  //  download PDF

Mitigation actions country study: Peru

The main purpose of this study is to understand and explore the concept of mitigation actions in Peru, how they are defined and identified, and issues related to their development. The study is divided in two parts: the first analyzes the country specific approach to mitigation actions, and the second analyzes a particular example of […]

MAPS Approach, Country Insights & Results, Outputs, Papers, Research Themes  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Jun 30, 2011  //  download PDF