Climate mitigation practitioners in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, India, and South Africa were surveyed for their understanding of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and Low Carbon Development Strategies (LCDS). It is found that there is much scope for clarity and conceptual elaboration in this policy space. NAMAs are largely interpreted as mitigation activities packaged for submission to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) registry, but are not held to constitute the full set of mitigation activity in a developing country. New terminology may be needed to describe this broader set. A tighter interpretation of LCDS to distinguish between a strategic or coordinating policy action may be useful. Other themes arising include the way ‘national appropriateness’ is reflected in the concepts, and the role of international policy in deepening mitigation action in developing countries.
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