Developing countries exploring pathways to climate compatibility

Country Results: Brazil

Given the economic crisis in Brazil, the IES-Brasil evidence on the link between GHG emission reduction goals and GDP change and other macro-economic variables was very relevant. The illustration that mitigation actions could be taken that would achieve ambition and contribute to economic growth, helped immensely to secure a respectable contribution in Paris. In August and September the evidence generated had been shared with many of the key actors engaged with the INDC development through the Brazilian Forum on Climate Change. President Dilma announced the INDC commitment during her speech to the UN summit on SDGs in New York. In October and November the Government made an effort to enable the participation of the civil society in the run up to Paris. IES-Brasil remained active in those meetings, playing a role of knowledge providers. In the final period pre-Paris, the team managed to complete all the outreach material necessary for COP21 as well as the design of the COP21-outreach activities. The results of IES-Brasil and components of low-carbon transformation up to 2030 include:

  • Economic implications of low-carbon scenarios: GDP, inflation, public debt, trade balance, energy-intensive industry competitiveness
  • Social implications of low-carbon scenarios: employment, consumption of low-income classes, income distribution
  • Economic and social implications for Brazil of adopting a worldwide carbon tax on the burning of fossil fuels
  • The dissemination of 2030 scenarios work: capacity building, platform, outreach activities
  • Policy-relevant inputs to the INDC and future review of voluntary goals
  • Increased capacity of the members of the Forum to contribute to INDC-related activities, as well as the mobilisation of the IES-Brasil Scenario Building Team

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