Developing countries exploring pathways to climate compatibility

Tools, Methods & Models

The impact of stranding power sector assets in South Africa

This paper aims to understand the implications of South Africa reducing emissions as part of a global agreement to limit temperature rise to below 2 degrees C and to examine the potential risks of stranded assets in the energy sector. Can South Africa meet carbon constraints without stranding assets? Given the structure of the energy sector […]

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Sep 14, 2016  //  Read more...

Overview of modelling approaches for the LULUCF sector in climate analysis

This paper documents the models used within MAPS processes in the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector. It describes the methodologies used to model the sector in Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Peru, under their respective MAPS processes. The country case studies can be of support to others when examining policy interventions for […]

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Sep 14, 2016  //  Read more...

Modelling approaches for greenhouse gas emissions projections: Waste sector

This paper focuses on the analysis conducted to provide country level information on potential emissions under a business-as-usual or reference scenario, and under scenarios in which greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation options are implemented. The focus of this paper is the waste sector, with complementary papers having been produced for other sectors. Download PDF

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Sep 14, 2016  //  Read more...

Modelling a more equitable future

This paper provides a critical review of a first attempt to capture climate compatible socio-economic development metrics within a linked energy-economic modelling framework. The linked model refers to a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model that is partially linked to a technology rich energy model. Download PDF

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Sep 14, 2016  //  Read more...

Discount Rates in Climate Mitigation Assessments

This technical brief presents a review of the debate in the literature and the application of discount rates in the MAPS context. The brief summarises the key considerations that should inform the choice of discount rate, possible approaches that could be adopted and a summary of discount rates applied in relevant contexts. Download PDF

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Sep 14, 2016  //  Read more...

Development-first modelling: achieving development and mitigation objectives through decarbonisation development pathways in SA

This work explored decarbonisation developmental pathways, building upon recent work which has theorised more fully the relationship between development and climate (Winkler et al. 2015), as well as recent work focused on linked energy-economic modelling in developing countries (Shukla 2013). The focus was on the technical feasibility of such decarbonisation development pathways, and not the political feasibility of implementation. […]

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Sep 14, 2016  //  Read more...

A Compilation of Agricultural Models Assessing Sectoral Dynamics, GHG Emissions and Abatement Opportunities

This paper  aims  to  provide  an  extensive  review  of  agriculture  modelling  frameworks  that  explain  the  dynamics  of  the  sector,  estimate  anthropogenic  agriculture  GHG  emissions,  or  assess  emission  changes  through  mitigation  options.  Download PDF

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Sep 14, 2016  //  Read more...

An Approach to Sustainable Development Based Energy and Climate Policy

Authors: Kholsa, R, Dubash N, Dukkipati, S, Sreenivas, A, Cohen, B.

This brief introduces ‘Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis’ (MCDA) as a methodology for operationalising a multiple objective framework for development and  climate policy in India. The brief describes the essence of an MCDA approach and lays out its benefits, details and applications. The approach is applied to two case studies: access to to modern cooking fuels and […]

Briefs, Outputs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 8, 2016  //  download PDF

Brazilian Mitigation Scenarios Beyond 2020: Modelling and Methodologies

Authors: COPPE, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

This brief lays out key research and modelling work that will allow for robust analysis of the economic and social implications of implementing carbon constraining measures on the Brazilian economy. This brief shows the impacts of a carbon tax on heavy industries specifically, and the economic ramifications of different revenue ‘recycling’ options. 

Briefs, Outputs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 12, 2015  //  download PDF

Economy-wide implications of a carbon tax in the Chilean electricity generation sector

Authors: Energy Centre, University of Chile

Certain mitigation actions will act as an economic shock to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth path. This policy brief examines the economy-wide implications of applying a carbon tax to the country’s electricity generation section. The report evaluates carbon taxes of US$10, US$20, US$30, US$40 and US$50 per ton of carbon dioxide equivalents (US$/tCO2 […]

Briefs, Outputs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 12, 2015  //  download PDF

Agroforestry systems as CER providers: an analysis for the Peruvian Amazon region

Authors: Instituto de Investigación de la Amazonía Peruana

This policy brief considers the findings of a modelling process carried out by the Instituto de Investigación de la Amazonía Peruana (IIAP) team, which compares the economic value of timber felling practices in agroforestry plots in Peru, with the potential financial benefits of using global carbon trading mechanisms to compensate the country for projects which […]

Briefs, Outputs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 12, 2015  //  download PDF

Socio economic implications of mitigation in the power sector including carbon taxes

Authors: Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town

This policy brief presents the linked modelling framework that was used to investigate the possible social and economic implications of a carbon tax, as well mitigation strategy which  favours increasing the contribution of renewable energy to the country’s energy mix and summaries some the results.

Briefs, Outputs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 12, 2015  //  download PDF

Linking Sectoral Models: Agroforestry Systems as CER providers: An analysis for the Peruvian amazon region

Authors: Vasquez Baos, T, Salazar, A and Del Castillo, D

This paper examines agroforestry systems as certified emissions reductions for the Peruvian Amazon region. It describes the findings of a modeling-based research, which compares the economic value of timber felling practices in agroforestry plots in Peru, with the potential financial benefits of using global carbon trading mechanisms

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 10, 2015  //  download PDF

Brazilian Mitigation Scenarios Beyond 2020: Modelling and Methodologies

Authors: Wills, W, Grottera, C, Weiss, M, Martins, V, Dos Santos, L, Moura, G and Moreira, M.

The aim of this study was to build capacity in the development of tools for the analysis of the macroeconomic impacts of introducing measures to mitigate emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon tax and cap and trade scheme. The study is based on the integration of bottom-up with top-down models. The associated brief shows […]

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 9, 2015  //  download PDF

Economy-Wide Implications of a Carbon Tax in the Chilean Electricity Generation Sector

Authors:  Benavides, C,  Gonzales, L, Díaz, M,  Palma, R,  García, G,  Ravizza, C,  Fuentes, R

This paper aims to analyse the economy-wide implications of a carbon tax applied on the Chilean electricity generation sector as it will act as an economic shock to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth path. In order to get an answer to this, both energy sectoral model and dynamic stochastic generally equilibrium (DSGE) model […]

Outputs, Papers, Research Themes, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 9, 2015  //  download PDF

Modelling the socio economic implications of mitigation in Colombia

Authors: Delgado, R, Álvarez, C, Matajira, C, Cadena, A, Calderón, S

Some developing countries are implementing measures to deviate its emissions patterns. This paper uses a methodological approach to assess the socio-economic implications of some of these potential measures, to evaluate the Colombian case. The main finding is that a carbon tax does not affect significantly the macroeconomic indicators and yet reached important abatements, especially if […]

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 9, 2015  //  download PDF

Socio-economic implications of mitigation in the power sector including carbon taxes in South Africa

Authors: Merven, B, Moyo, A, Stone, A, Dane, A, Winkler, H

This research paper investigates the socio-economic implications of mitigation in the power sector including carbon taxes in South Africa. The structure of this paper is as follows. The first section provides a discussion of recent developments within South Africa aimed at increasing the contribution of renewable energy. The second section gives a brief description of […]

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Mar 9, 2015  //  download PDF

Information for a developmental approach to mitigation: Linking sectoral and economy-wide models for Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa

Authors: Winkler, H, Delgado, R, Palma-Behnke, R, Perreira, A, Vásquez Baos, T, Moyo, A, Wills, W & Salazar, A.

This paper reports on modelling approaches that provide information to answer policy-relevant questions in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa. The analysis informs different country contexts; energy-related green house gas (GHG) emissions currently dominate in Chile and South Africa, while those due to agriculture, forestry and land-use (AFOLU) are historically more important in Brazil, […]

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Oct 14, 2014  //  download PDF

Selection of Long-Range Energy Systems Modelling Platforms: The MAPS Chile experience

Authors: Benavides,C, Diaz, M.

This paper is part of a series that aims to support stakeholders and research groups in the selection of long-range energy systems modelling platforms, to inform decision making for public policy options compatible with national development goals. This paper builds on the MAPS Chile experience.

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Aug 5, 2014  //  download PDF

Modelling the Socio-Economic Implications of Mitigation Actions: A Case Study Of Industrial Energy Efficiency In South Africa

Authors: Moyo, A. and Labitan, C.

It is known that there is considerable potential for emissions reduction through the implementation of energy efficiency policies. This paper seeks to address the still limited understanding of the impacts of these policies on economic growth, employment and welfare by assessing the socio-economic implications of increased energy efficiency in South Africa.

Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Jul 22, 2014  //  download PDF

AFOLU Lab

MAPS held a workshop on agriculture, forestry and land-use (AFOLU) from 24-27 March 2014. The AFOLU Lab was a follow-up of the workshops on agriculture (AgriLab, 2012) and land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF Lab, 2012), which focused on modelling approaches used in these sectors. The objective of the workshop was to share experiences between MAPS […]

Tools, Methods & Models, Videos  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Jul 22, 2014  //  Watch Video

Co-benefits Lab Factsheet

The Co-benefits lab brought together 27 experts from 10 countries in Bogota, Colombia from the 6-9th of May 2013 to exchange, discuss and develop new ideas around the socio-economic co-benefits of mitigation actions (co-benefits) in the MAPS context. Representatives from all four MAPS countries (Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Peru) were present. Keynote speakers from India, Brazil […]

Briefs, Outputs, Research Themes, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Jan 22, 2014  //  download PDF

Modelling the divide: Development and climate change in Copacabana

Authors: Adrian Stone

Rio, or rather the tourist precincts of Ipanema and Copacabana, is a place that seems to be much as you left it. People kicking back, beach bars and lots of vital looking citizens of all ages exercising with purpose. Brazilians in general do things with purpose. Of course one is dimly aware that Rio is […]

Blogs, Outputs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Jan 16, 2014  //  Read more...

Review of linked modelling of low-carbon development, mitigation and its full costs and benefits

Authors: Shukla, P. R

Modelling is vital for developing low carbon development plans and strategies that are consistent with national circumstances. Models identify the mitigation policy instruments and measures needed ‘to ensure global benefits at the lowest possible costs. Numerous models and modelling approaches available to answer different policy questions; each with their own set of advantages and limitations. Often, a […]

Outputs, Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Nov 7, 2013  //  download PDF

Guidelines for the selection of Long-Range Energy Systems Modelling Platforms to support MAPS processes

Authors: Mervin, B. Cohen, B. Hughes, A. Stone, A.

Setting achievable GHG mitigation targets requires the systematic analysis of potential mitigation actions to quantify the implication of each action, in terms of its benefits and costs. This is done with the help of models. There are a multitude of modelling platforms and approaches available, each with its strengths and weaknesses, and they can be […]

Papers, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Nov 7, 2013  //  download PDF

Energy modelling for the transport sector: a summary of the SATIM methodology

Authors: Systems Analysis & Planning Group, Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town

The South African TIMES model (SATIM) has been developed to look at the opportunities and costs of reducing greenhouse gases (GHGs) in South Africa. This technical brief presents a overview of the SATIM transport sector methodology.

Briefs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Apr 9, 2013  //  download PDF

Energy modelling for the agricultural sector: a summary of the SATIM model methodology

Authors: Systems Analysis & Planning Group, Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town

The South African TIMES model (SATIM) has been developed to look at the opportunities and costs of reducing greenhouse gases (GHGs) in South Africa. This technical brief presents a overview of the SATIM agricultural sector methodology.

Briefs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Apr 9, 2013  //  download PDF

Energy modelling for the residential sector: a summary of the SATIM methodology

Authors: Systems Analysis & Planning Group, Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town

The South African TIMES model (SATIM) has been developed to look at the opportunities and costs of reducing greenhouse gases (GHGs) in South Africa. This technical brief presents a overview of the SATIM residential sector methodology.

Briefs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Apr 9, 2013  //  download PDF

Energy modelling for liquid fuels / gas supply: a summary of the SATIM methodology

Authors: Systems Analysis & Planning Group, Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town

The South African TIMES model (SATIM) has been developed to look at the opportunities and costs of reducing greenhouse gases (GHGs) in South Africa. This technical brief presents a overview of the SATIM liquid fuels and gas supply sector methodology.

Briefs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Apr 9, 2013  //  download PDF

Energy modelling for the commercial sector: a summary of the SATIM methodology

Authors: Systems Analysis & Planning Group, Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town

The South African TIMES model (SATIM) has been developed to look at the opportunities and costs of reducing greenhouse gases (GHGs) in South Africa. This technical brief presents a overview of the SATIM methodology for the commercial sector.

Briefs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Apr 9, 2013  //  download PDF

Energy modelling for the industrial sector: a summary of the SATIM methodology

Authors: Systems Analysis & Planning Group, Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town

The South African TIMES model (SATIM) has been developed to look at the opportunities and costs of reducing greenhouse gases (GHGs) in South Africa. This technical brief presents a overview of the SATIM industrial sector methodology.

Briefs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Apr 9, 2013  //  download PDF

Energy modelling for the electricity supply sector: a summary of the SATIM methodology

Authors: Systems Analysis & Planning Group, Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town

The South African TIMES model (SATIM) has been developed to look at the opportunities and costs of reducing greenhouse gases (GHGs) in South Africa. This technical brief presents a overview of the SATIM electricity supply sector methodology.

Briefs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Apr 9, 2013  //  download PDF

MAPS Econ Lab 2012

Computer modelling programs are a useful tool to draw up scenarios which illustrate the possible outcomes of different emissions reduction actions, and give a platform to compare those outcomes.

Tools, Methods & Models, Videos  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Feb 26, 2013  //  Watch Video

The challenges of linking sectoral and economy-wide models

Authors: Moyo, A, Winkler, H and Wills, W.

In order to provide rigorous information on the economy-wide socio-economic implications of mitigation action, MAPS teams linked bottom-up sector-based and economic models. This brief highlights some of the technical issues arising in linking models for use in policy analysis. It also shares some of the approaches that have been explored by the research teams.

Briefs, Outputs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Nov 27, 2012  //  download PDF

Econ Lab: workshop brief

Authors: Energy Research Centre

Computer modelling programs are a useful tool to draw up scenarios which illustrate the possible outcomes of different emissions reduction actions. The objectives of the Econ Lab were for researchers and modellers to consider the wide range of models available for this purpose; combining different models for more complex projections; and overcoming difficulties arising from […]

Briefs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Nov 27, 2012  //  download PDF

Water and energy in the LTMS

Authors: Hughes, A. Moyo, A. Stone, A. Cohen, B.

This technical brief provides an overview of the relationship between energy and water in South Africa and how these have been included in the Long Term Mitigation Scenarios (LTMS) and other modelling exercises.

Briefs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Nov 12, 2012  //  download PDF

Econ Lab 2012: horses for courses

Authors: Alfred Moyo

There are a number of complex models that researchers can use to assess the socio-economic implications of mitigation actions and it is important that they choose the one that’s best suited to the specific task at hand. As noted by Prof. Rob Davies, an economist and research associate with the Human Sciences Research Council in […]

Blogs, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Sep 6, 2012  //  Read more...

Agri Lab: livestock modelling

Authors: Ermias Kebreab

MAPS brought together a small group of land-use specialists, from the MAPS country teams and external experts, to understand the role of mitigation action in the agriculture sector, including options and challenges, implications and suitability of the tools within a country strategy in the context of the MAPS country processes.

Presentations, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Feb 20, 2012  //  download PDF

Agri Lab: models overview

Authors: Sebataolo Rahlao

MAPS brought together a small group of land-use specialists, from the MAPS country teams and external experts, to understand the role of mitigation actions in the agriculture sector, including options and challenges, implications and suitability of the tools within a country strategy in the context of the MAPS country processes.

Presentations, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Feb 20, 2012  //  download PDF

Agri Lab: cost benefit analysis of mitigation actions in Colombia

Authors: Andrew Jarvis

The agriculture sector in Colombia contributes significantly in national GHG emissions. MAPS brought together a small group of land-use specialists, from the MAPS country teams and external experts, to understand the role of mitigation action in the agriculture sector, including options and challenges, implications and suitability of the tools within a country strategy in the […]

Presentations, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Feb 20, 2012  //  download PDF

Agri Lab: South Africa's LTMS

Authors: Sebataolo Rahlao

MAPS brought together a small group of land-use specialists, from the MAPS country teams and external experts, to understand the role of mitigation action in the agriculture sector, including options and challenges, implications and suitability of the tools within a country strategy in the context of the MAPS country processes.

Presentations, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Feb 20, 2012  //  download PDF

Agri Lab: Colombia

Authors: Ramon Rosales

MAPS brought together a small group of land-use specialists, from the MAPS country teams and external experts, to understand the role of mitigation action in the agriculture sector, including options and challenges, implications and suitability of the tools within a country strategy in the context of the MAPS country processes.

Presentations, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Feb 20, 2012  //  download PDF

Agri Lab: Chile

Authors: Marta Alfaro

MAPS brought together a small group of land-use specialists, from the MAPS country teams and external experts, to understand the role of mitigation action in the agriculture sector, including options and challenges, implications and suitability of the tools within a country strategy in the context of the MAPS country processes.

Presentations, Tools, Methods & Models  //  Posted by Installertodelete on Feb 20, 2012  //  download PDF