A synthesis of the discussions held among 30 experts from a wide range of institutions and countries on conceptual approaches to operationalising equitable access to sustainable development (EASD) in the UNFCCC climate negotiations. The workshop was conceived as an informal space to seek better understanding of approaches to this highly politicised issue and thereby narrow […]
Equity & Climate Negotiations
This paper first identifies the instruments that will likely form part of the Paris package, and then explores the characteristic features of each of these instruments with a particular focus on their legal status and significance. In doing so, it will address the issue of ‘legal form’ of the core 2015 agreement.
This working paper intends to support in-country teams involved in building their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) by exploring the different possible forms these contributions could take.
Political-economy implications: Transferring the treatment of Hydroflourocarbons from the UNFCCC to the Montreal Protocol
There are many unanswered questions regarding the Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC) phase-down under the Montreal Protocol beyond its legal implications. These must be discussed and debated before Montreal Protocol can be amended to control the production and consumption of HFCs. This paper discusses some of the political-economy related implications of the regulation of HFCs.
This paper aims to provide insights into the lessons learnt from the practical experiences in the European Union (EU),with sharing of climate change commitments relevant for developing countries in light of the international post 2020 negotiations.
This paper is an analysis of mitigation assessments under the EU Emissions Trading System (2005-2012) and intra-EU equity or solidarity under the EU 2020 climate policy framework
This paper examines whether the Montreal Protocol, with its legal mandate to protect the ozone layer from depletion, should regulate hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) despite them not being ozone-depleting substances.
This paper identifies legal, architectural and technical options for operationalising the equity reference framework (ERF).
This paper, by Sonja Klinsky, addresses the equity debates within climate policy, and draws attention to underlying social-psychological patterns that could shape ideas about what feels fair in various situations.
The MAPS Programme has recently commissioned a series of papers to further explore the concept of equity and allocation processes within the UNFCCC climate negotiations. This brief synthesises and poses questions to these varying, sometimes provocative viewpoints to look forward to an agreement in Paris 2015.
Anthony Dane from the Energy Research Centre (University of Cape Town) interviews Xolisa Ngwadla from the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research on operationalising equity in the global climate negotiations through reference to an Equity Reference Framework.
The climate negotiations are at a cross-roads. Negotiations seek to craft a shared visions for long-term cooperative action, including a long-term global goal for emissions reductions. Action is needed in two core areas- adaptation and mitigation. These in turn depend on the means of implementation – finance, technology and capacity-building. The ultimate objective of the […]
Sonja Klinsky explains how insights from perceptions of justice studies are applicable to climate negotiations and equitable access to sustainable development.
Equitable access to sustainable development: relevance to negotiations and actions on climate change
The effectiveness and stability of any agreement, especially as a basis for cooperation, largely depends on the perception of its fairness by the agreeing parties. It is for this reason that equity has received a lot of attention in the two decades of negotiations under the UNFCCC. This paper reflects on the basis and relevance […]
This brief outlines a range of principles and criteria to ensure equitable access to sustainable development in the face of global climate change. Based on work by experts from Brazil, South Africa, India and China (BASIC countries) as a contribution to a broader debate, it proposes a reference framework based on science and fairness for […]